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Skin Cancer Procedures

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Description: Skin cancers are cancers that emerge from the skin. They are due to the development of malignant cells that have the ability to spread to other parts of the body. There are three main types of skin cancers 1. basal-cell skin cancer (BCC), 2. squamous-cell skin cancer (SCC) and 3. melanoma.

 
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6. Photodyanamic Therapy (PDT)

PDT can be specifically useful when the tumor is grown on the face and scalp. A chemical substance such as topical 5-aminolevulinic acids or methyl aminolevulinate (MAL), is activated on the tissue, it is taken up by the abnormal cells. After a few hours, those medicated areas are directed by a strong light. The treatment precisely destroys cancerous cells while causing minimal damage to surrounding normal tissue. However, and while it may be effective with early, overall recurrence rates vary considerably is very low, so this procedure is not currently recommended for invasive SCC. Redness and swelling are common
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7. Laser Surgery.

This therapy is not yet approved by FDA for SCC, though it can be used for superficial lesions, with recurrence rates similar to those in PDT. The skin's outer layer and inner layer of skin are removed using a carbon dioxide or erbium YAG laser. This method is spiritless and gives the physician good control over the depth of tissue removed. It actually covers blood vessels as it cuts, making it useful for patients with bleeding blood oozing disorders, and it is also useful when other treatments have failed. But the risks of scar marks and pigment loss are slightly greater compared
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8. Topical Medications

Both 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and imiquimod procedures are approved by FDA of actinic keratoses and superficial basal cell carcinomas, are also being tested for the treatment of some superficial squamous cell carcinomas. However, Some trials have shown that aldara topical may be valid with certain invasive SCCs, but it is not yet FDA-approved for this purpose. aldara topical stimulates the immune system to produce signaling proteins, a chemical that attacks cancerous and malignant cells, while 5-FU is a topical form of chemotherapy that has a direct toxic effect on effected cells. Because most treatment options involve cutting, some marks of a scar from
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1. Immunotherapy for Melanoma Skin Cancer

Immunotherapy is the use of therapies to stimulate a person’s own defensive system to eliminate and destroy cancer cells more effectively. Various types of immunotherapy can be used to treat melanoma. These newer medicines have shown a lot of promise in healing advanced melanomas. An important part of the defensive system is its ability to keep itself from infiltrating normal cells in the body. To do this, it uses “controlpoints”, which are proteins on defensive cells that need to be turned on (or off) to start an immune response. Melanoma cells sometimes use these controlpoints to avoid being attacked by
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2. Types of drugs used in treating Melanoma Skin Cancer.

1. PD-1 inhibitors 2. CTLA-4 inhibitor
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