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Skin Cancer Procedures

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Description: Skin cancers are cancers that emerge from the skin. They are due to the development of malignant cells that have the ability to spread to other parts of the body. There are three main types of skin cancers 1. basal-cell skin cancer (BCC), 2. squamous-cell skin cancer (SCC) and 3. melanoma.

 
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1. Mohs Micrografic Surgery.

With the help of scalpel or curette a doctor removes the visible tumor with a very thin layer of tissue around it. The procedure is repeated on the corresponding area of the body still containing tumor cells until the last layer viewed under the microscope is cancer-free. Mohs surgery separtes the healthy tissue, reduces recurrence, and has the highest overall cure rate. It is often used on tumors that have recurred or cronical tumors. it is used in deleicate areas like the eyes, nose, lips, ears, neck, hands and feet. After tumor removal the wound may be allowed to heal
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2. Excisional Surgery.

The doctor uses a scalpel to remove the entire growth, along with nearby tissues which are effected normal skin as a safety margin. The wound around the surgical site is then closed with stiches. The excised tissue specimen is then sent microscopic detailed inspection to verify that all cancerous cells have been removed. A repeat inspections required in case if the evidence of skin cancer is found in the specimen. The accepted cure rate is high.
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3. Curettage and Electrodesiccation (Electrosurgery)

This surgery is usually for small tissue which has suffered damage.The growth should be removed and electrocautery needle which has heat destroys residual tumor and controls bleeding. This procedure is repeated frequently. A deeper layer of tissue being removed and burned each time to help ensure that no tumor cells remain. it is not recommended for any invasive or aggressive SCCs, those in deleicate organs such as the eyelids, genitalia, lips and ears, or other organs that would be left with cosmetically unchanged since the procedure leaves a sizable, hypopigmented scar.
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4. Cryosurgery.

The doctor will terminate the tumor tissue by freezing it with liquid nitrogen, using a cotton-tipped applicator or spray device. There will be blood oozing from the body and anesthesia The procedure may be repeated frequently at the same session is repeated to eliminiate the malignant cells. The growth becomes crusted and scabbed, and usually falls off within weeks. Redness, swelling, blistering and crusting can occur following treatment, and in dark-skinned patients, some pigment may be lost. \cryosurgery may be the treatment for patients with blood oozing disorders or intolerance to anesthesia. However, most health departments prefer to approach by
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5. Radiation.

X-ray beams are aimed at the effected tissue, with no need for removing or anesthesia. termination of the tumor is done when the procedure is repeated frequently, procedure should be followed several times a week or one time in 4 weeks, or sometimes daily for one month. Cure rates range widely, from about 85 to 95 percent, since the procedure does not provide exact control in identifying and removing residual cancer cells at the margins of the tumor. The technique can involve everlasting cosmetic problems and radiation risks, For these reasons, though this therapy limits damage to other nearby tissues,
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